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Blog posts tagged with 'curved steel'

New US Air Force Academy Visitors Center Set to Open in Early 2024
New US Air Force Academy Visitors Center Set to Open in Early 2024

Albina recently rolled 36 pieces of Tube Steel 6” X 6” X .375” WALL A500 GR C to AESS standards at radii ranging from 3’-9” – 24’-4” for the United States Air Force Academy Visitors Center. The visitors center is expected to open early 2024 and the 32,000 square-foot facility will include storytelling and high-tech exhibits reflecting the Air Force and Space Force missions as well as illustrating a day in the life of a cadet at the Academy.  The Visitors Center is viewed as more than a public entrance to the Academy, it is also a gateway to Colorado Springs. Six years in the making, the new area will also feature a hotel, retail space and office space. 

Air Force Academy Visitors Center Entrance

Below are a few videos with more details on the project. 

You Tube Video

Colorado Springs Local News Channel KKTV

How Much Stress Is Put on the Material When You Bend It?
How Much Stress Is Put on the Material When You Bend It?

Common questions we receive from customers have to do with the stresses put on materials during the rolling, curving, forming, and bending processes. 

  1. What stresses are put on the materials during the curving process?
  2. What is the stress, strain on the steel being bent or curved?
  3. Is the material weakened from the stress, strain during the curving process?
  4. Is there a stress, strain diagram for curved or bent steel?
  5. Is there a stress vs strain graph for curved or bent steel?

The easiest way to answer these questions is to reference the AISC Curved Member Design Guide #33.

https://www.albinaco.com/pdfs/design-guide-33.pdf

See Section 5.2 “Material Properties”

Cold bending involves inelastic straining of the member, which affects the material properties. These changes are primarily attributed to strain hardening and strain aging, which increases the yield stress, ultimate stress and hardness, and decreases the ductility and toughness. For curved members in buildings, the strains induced during the cold-bending process rarely exceed the potential strains induced in the manufacturing process of straight members.

San Diego Zoo Habitats, Bridges and Buildings Showcase Curved Steel at It's Best!
San Diego Zoo Habitats, Bridges and Buildings Showcase Curved Steel at It's Best!

We have had the pleasure of providing many bent steel pieces for some fabulous projects at the San Diego Zoo including the Hummingbird Habitat, Komodo Kingdom, the Invert Building, the ZPA Catering Building, the Food Services Building, the Raintree Restroom and many more exhibits throughout both the Children’s zoo and the main part of the zoo. 

Basher Bridge

24 lengths x 48 ft long of 16" OD x .625" wall

Some rolled to a 20 ft radius.

Some rolled to a 50 ft radius.

Some rolled to a 350 ft radius.

Basher Bridge San Diego Zoo

Basher Bridge San Diego Zoo

Hummingbird Building

7 Lengths TS 8” x 4” x .375” Wall A500 GR B rolled Hard Way on various Radii from 24’-8” down to 6’-2”

9 Lengths TS 18 x 6” x .500” Wall A500 GR B rolled Easy Way on various Radii from 30’-11” down to 6’-0”

Hummingbird Habitat San Diego Zoo

Komodo Exhibit

8 Lengths WT5 X 22.5# A992 Split from W10 x 45# Beam and rolled stem up to various Radii from 46’-2” down to 6’-2”

1 Length TS 3” x 3” x .313” Wall A500 GR B rolled to 13’-4” Radii

2 Lengths 6” OD X .500” Wall A500B rolled to various Radii

3 Lengths 6” OD X .375” Wall A500B rolled to various Radii

1 Length TS 12” x 8” x .500” Wall A500B Induction formed easy way to 4’-4” Radii

3 Lengths TS 3” x 3” x .313” Wall A500B rolled on various Radii from 13’-4” down to 5’-0”

7 Lengths TS 3” x 3” x .375” Wall A500B rolled on various Radii from 7’-10” down to 2’-3”

7 Lengths TS 8” x 4” x .375” Wall A500b rolled hard way on various Radii from 51’-6” down to 6’-8”

6 Lengths TS 18” x 6” x .500” Wall A500B rolled easy way on various Radii from 51’-4” down to 6’-6”

10 Lengths TS 6” x 6” x .500” Wall A500B rolled on various Radii from 56’-0” down to 7’-11”

10 Lengths C9 x 13.4# A36 rolled Flanges out and Flanges in on various Radii from 56’-0” down to 7’-11”

6 Lengths TS 12” x 6” x .500” Wall A500 GR B rolled hard way to various Radii from 46’-4” down to 6’-4”

10 Lengths PL ½" THICK X 12" WIDE A36 rolled hard way to various Radii from 46’-9” down to 5’-9”

Komodo Kingdom San Diego Zoo Curved Steel Roof

Invert Building

7 Lengths TS 10” x 8” x .500” Wall A500 GR B rolled Hard Way on 10’-0” Radius

1 Length C12 x 20.7# A36 rolled flanges out to 17’-1” and 11’-10” Radii

2 Lengths 4” x 4” x 3/8” Angle T304 S/S Rolled Leg in and Leg out to 7’-1” and 7’-3” Radii

1 Length 4” x 3” x 3/8” Angle T304 S/S Rolled Leg out to 3’-11” and 9’-4” Radii

Temperature Exhibit

28 Lengths 5/8” Solid Round A36 Rolled to various Radii from 70’-3” down to 3’-11”

9 Lengths TS 8” x 6” x .375” Wall A500B rolled Easy Way to various Radii from 70’-3” down to 3’-11”

9 Lengths C9 x 13.4# A36 Rolled Flanges in and Flanges out to various Radii from 70’-3” down to 3’-11”

ZPA Catering Building

3 Lengths TS 5” x 4” x .375” Wall A500 GR B rolled easy way to various Radii from 40’-7” down to 11’-7”

3 Lengths C9 x 13.4# A36 rolled flanges out to various Radii from 40’-7” down to 11’-7”

3 Lengths TS 6” x 4” x .25” Wall A500 GR B rolled easy way on various Radii from 40’-7” down to 11’-7”

Food Services Building

6 Lengths TS 6” x 4” x .250” Wall A500B rolled easy way to various Radii from 8’-0” down to 4’-10”

6 Lengths C9 x 13.4# A36 Rolled flanges in and flanges out to various Radii from 8’-0” down to 4’-10”

Raintree Restroom

8 Lengths TS 16” x 12” x .500” Wall A500B rolled hard way to 999’-4” Radii

Curved Steel Koala Exhibit San Diego Zoo

Face Painting Curved Steel Roof San Diego Zoo

San Diego Children's Zoo

San Diego Children's Zoo

San Diego Children's Zoo

San Diego Children's Zoo

Elephant Exhibit at the San Diego Zoo

Exhibit at the San Diego Zoo

Exhibit at the San Diego Zoo

Curved Steel Facades Add Modern Touch to Newly Redesigned Bridgeport Village Outdoor Mall
Curved Steel Facades Add Modern Touch to Newly Redesigned Bridgeport Village Outdoor Mall

Bridgeport Village, an upscale outdoor mall in Tigard, Oregon recently underwent a $35 million dollar modernization and now features covered seating areas, a central courtyard area with new landscaping, a performance stage, updated building facades and about 20 new storefronts. Albina Co., Inc. was instrumental in helping the developers update the storefronts and bent various materials including:


2 lengths x 40 ft: W10 X 22# A992
Albina to roll all possible from each length (the easy way) to a 40’-4” centerline radius.

4 pcs of 3” X 3” X ¼” ANGLE A36
Albina to roll all possible from each length (leg in) to a 42’-7” outside radius.

3 lengths x 20 ft: 3” X 2” X ¼” ANGLE A36
Albina to roll all possible from each length (3” Leg in) to a 59’-1” outside radius.

3 lengths x 20 ft: 6” X 4” X 5/16” ANGLE A36
Albina to roll all possible from each length (4” Leg in) to a 59’-1” outside radius.

5 lengths x 20 ft: C10 X 20# A36
Albina to roll all possible from each length (flanges out) to radii ranging from 52’-7” – 59’-1”.

3 lengths x 20 ft: 3” X 2” X ¼” ANGLE A36
Albina to roll all possible from each length (2” Leg in) to a 58’-11” outside radius.

2 lengths x 20 ft: 3” X 3” X ¼” ANGLE A36
Albina to roll all possible from each length (Leg out) to a 52’-7” inside radius.

Bridgeport Village Curved Steel Storefront

Bridgeport Village Curved Steel Storefront

Bridgeport Village Curved Steel Storefront

Red Electric Curved Steel Trail Bridge Provides Pedestrians and Cyclists a Car-Free Scenic Route into SW Portland
Red Electric Curved Steel Trail Bridge Provides Pedestrians and Cyclists a Car-Free Scenic Route into SW Portland

Albina bent 10 lengths of 60-65 foot spans of wide flange W36 X 135# A709-50W the easy way to a radius range of 95 ft – 229 ft, depending on the length and section of the bridge. The Red Electric Bridge, located in Southwest Portland, provides pedestrians and cyclists with a direct, car-free link to the main streets of the area through a forested gulch.

Red Electric Pedestrian Trail Bridge Beams

Red Electric Pedestrian Trail Bridge SW Portland

Red Electric Pedestrian Trail Bridge

Hayward Field Takes Home the 2022 Popular Choice Architizer A+ Award in the Stadium and Arena Category
Hayward Field Takes Home the 2022 Popular Choice Architizer A+ Award in the Stadium and Arena Category

The Architizer A+Awards is the largest awards program focused on promoting and celebrating the year’s best architecture and spaces. The award honors the world's best in buildings and spaces. Hayward Field has received the 2022 Popular Choice Architizer A+ Award in the Stadium and Arena Category. 

Albina Co., Inc. “The Front Runner in Steel Bending. We Tower Above the Rest” Albina Co., Inc. was thrilled to be an integral part of reconstructing Hayward Field at the University of Oregon. Hayward Field is the world-class home to @OregonTF. Hayward Field is an Award-Winning Project!

2022 Popular Choice Architizer A+ Award in the Stadium and Arena Category

2021 @archpaper AN Best of Design Award in the Sports and Stadiums Category

Albina created the curved steel diaphragm used to support the roof structure and provided various bent materials to help construct the landmark tower at the northeast corner of the facility as well as the jumbotron. Designers wanted to create a structure that was open and airy, allowing spectators to enjoy great views and natural daylight, in an intimate environment.

Pipe: Hayward Field Roof

We rolled 600 lengths, varying from 28’-0” to 75’-6” long, of 14" OD X .375" / .500 WALL A500-18 GRADE B&C. That is 1,500,000# lot weight (750 tons) of rolled steel, 32 inbound trucks and 90 outbound trucks.

Plate: Hayward Field Roof

The 14” OD material was laid over the top of the plate that we bent for this project. We bent 300 lengths, varying from 3’-0” to 37’-0” long, of PLATE 1½" THICK X 16¾" WIDE A572 GR. 50 and PLATE 1½" THICK X 10" WIDE A572 GR. 50.

Metropolis Magazine Feature Article

University of Oregon Home Page

Construction/Erection Video

In addition, we provided various bent steel parts for general field enhancement and utilities at the newly renovated complex.

Our work was extremely precise, and we had zero rejected parts by the fabricator, Fought & Co., Inc.  In fact, they also informed us that when measuring the work points during fabrication, they never once had to heat up or adjust the bending. To make the erection process go smoothly, we marked every 3-4 feet on the centerline back of the pipe to assist in the layout process for the diagrid “fish-mouth” stubs, and up-stands for the roofing system.

Hayward Field University of Oregon

Hayward Field Curved Steel Roof Diaphragm

In addition to the iconic roof, the tower at Hayward creates a community landmark honoring the first 100 years of track and field at Oregon.

Hayward Field 187-foot tall Tower

We rolled 400 lengths for Alpha Iron, varying from 20’-0” to 60’-0” long, of Tube Steel 8" X 4" X .500" WALL A500 GR B, 8-5/8" OD X .625" WALL A500C WHEELED, 8-5/8" OD X .375" WALL A500C WHEELED, 8-5/8" OD X .250" WALL A500C WHEELED, and Flat Bar 3/8" X 4½" A36. That is 330,000# lot weight (165 tons) of rolled steel, 10 inbound trucks and 16 outbound trucks!

 

Hayward Field Tower University of Oregon

Tower at Hayward Field University of Oregon

Hayward Field Jumbotron

Albina bent 101,000# total pounds for this project for Alpha Iron. We bent 43 pieces (20 lens x 50 ft:  10¾" OD X .375" WALL A500 GR. C) to various radii ranging from 5'-3" up to 224'-4" all to AESS standards. We bent 27 pieces (19 lens x 60 ft:  12¾" OD X .375" WALL A500 GR. C) to various radii ranging from 5'-11" up to 208'-8" all to AESS standards. We bent 3 pieces (1 len x 42 ft:  12¾" OD X .500" WALL A500 GR. C) to a 4'-6" radius all to AESS standards.

A project for the record books for sure.


Hayward Field Jumbotron

Jumbotron at Hayward Field

University of Oregon Hayward Field Jumbotron

Photo credit Cheryl Sproul, Sophie Biegel and @brooke_smith_photography

Hayward Field Jumbotron Takes First Place for Impressive Presentation
Hayward Field Jumbotron Takes First Place for Impressive Presentation

Albina bent 101,000#’s of steel for structural base of the new jumbotron at Hayward Field at the University of Oregon.

Materials bent included:

20 lens x 50 ft: 10¾" OD X .375" WALL A500 GR. C
Bent 43 pieces to various radii ranging from 5'-3" up to 224'-4" all to AESS standards.

19 lens x 60 ft: 12¾" OD X .375" WALL A500 GR. C
Bent 27 pieces to various radii ranging from 5'-11" up to 208'-8" all to AESS standards.

1 len x 42 ft: 12¾" OD X .500" WALL A500 GR. C
Bent 3 pieces to a 4'-6" radius all to AESS standards.

Hayward Field Curved Steel Jumbotron University of Oregon

Hayward Field Curved Steel Jumbotron University of Oregon

Hayward Field Curved Steel Jumbotron University of Oregon

Hayward Field Curved Steel Jumbotron University of Oregon

Hayward Field Curved Steel Jumbotron University of Oregon

Hayward Field Curved Steel Jumbotron University of Oregon

Photo credit @cheryjsproul and @brookesmithphotography

The Buddy Holly Hall of Performing Arts and Sciences is a 2022 IDEAS2 National Award Winner!
The Buddy Holly Hall of Performing Arts and Sciences is a 2022 IDEAS2 National Award Winner!

The Buddy Holly Hall of Performing Arts and Science in Lubbock, Texas is a 220,000 square foot state-of-the-art campus featuring two theaters, event space, a full-service bistro and a ballet academy under one roof. Albina bent various materials for the signature spiral staircase in the Christine DeVitt Lobby. See the video below to get a sneak peek inside!

 

The projects is featured in the May edition of Modern Steel Construction. For more details on the entire project and to see a full list of winners check out AISC's website

 

TS 16" X 8" X .625" WALL A500 GR C
16 pcs: Spiral bend the easy way
Bent down to a 7 ft plan view radius.

 

TS 10" X 6" X .625" WALL A500 GR C
10 pcs: Spiral bend the hard way
Bend down to a 14' 11" plan view radius.

 

 

Steel Spiral Stringers for The Buddy Holly Hall of Arts & Sciences

 

Top Down view of the Steel Spiral Staircase at The Buddy Holly Hall of Arts & Sciences

 

 

Steel Tree-Like Columns and Curved “Steel” Branches Create a Biophilic-Inspired Archway Entrance for the Freyer-Newman Center at the Denver Botanical Gardens
Steel Tree-Like Columns and Curved “Steel” Branches Create a Biophilic-Inspired Archway Entrance for the Freyer-Newman Center at the Denver Botanical Gardens

Albina bent 40,000# of steel for the steel tree-like columns and curved “steel” branches that create the biophilic-inspired archway entrance for the Freyer-Newman Center at the Denver Botanical Gardens. Albina bent 60 pieces of W8 X 31# A992 the hard way to a full scale layout. We also bent Tube Steel 8" X 6" X .500" WALL A500 GR B the hard way and MC8 X 20# A36 the hard way. The Freyer - Newman Center is a LEED GOLD building, designed by Denver’s Davis Partnership Architects. The Center houses six classrooms; four galleries; new herbaria for vascular plants, mushrooms and slime molds; laboratories; a new library and a coffee shop. Steel Tree-Like Columns and Curved Steel Branches for the Freyer-Newman Center at the Denver Botanical Gardens

The project was featured in the April Issue of Modern Steel.

Steel tree-like columns and curved steel branches for the Freyer-Newman Center at the Denver Botanical Gardens

"Bird of Paradise" on Display at Carrollwood Village Park in Tampa, Florida
"Bird of Paradise" on Display at Carrollwood Village Park in Tampa, Florida

"Bird of Paradise", a curved steel sculpture is located at Carrollwood Village Park in Tampa, Florida.

Artist @curt_pittman (www.curtpittman.net)


Materials bent by Albina included:
5 lens x 21 ft: 3" SCH80 A53B ERW. All material rolled by Albina to various radii, arc lengths and configurations.

2 lengths: 4" SCH80 A53B ERW. All material rolled by Albina to various radii, arc lengths and configurations.

2 lens x 20 ft: 1¼" X 1¼" X 1/8" ANGLE A36. All material rolled leg out by Albina to various radii, arc lengths and configurations.

Photo Credit: @curt_pittman

"Bird of Paradise" Raw Materials in Shop at Albina Co., Inc.

"Bird of Paradise" Assembly Prior to Installation at Carrollwood Village Park

"Bird of Paradise" Night Picture at Carrollwood Village Park in Tampa Florida